Diversity in Study Habits of Formal and Non Formal Students: A Case of F.G Education College and Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad

Ehsan Mahmood, Hamid Ali Nadeem & Irfan Haider


This study aimed to determine and compare study habits of formal and non-formal students at post graduate level. The study was conducted in Federal Government Education College Islamabad and four regions of Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad. The study employed cluster sampling technique selecting all the 100 students of F.G Education College and 400 students of AIOU Islamabad from the four regions selecting two study centers from each region. Data were collected by administering Study Habits Questionnaire (SHQ) developed by Gordon (2005) directly to students. The data were analyzed by using independent sample t-test statistical technique to compare the mean score of formal and non-formal students. The findings revealed that formal students plan their study time schedule and follow it strictly than non-formal students. Formal students prepare themselves for examinations properly by starting review for major exam well in time, attending extra classes and gaining teachers’ help more than non-formal students. Study findings also depicted that formal students are more capable to take and review notes of each class and more proficient to put notes from the text into their own words as compared to non-formal students. As regards to reading and writing skills no significant difference was found between formal and non-formal students.

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