Development of Emotional Intelligence of University Students: An Investigation of the Effect of Curricular Activities

M. Anwar Khurshid, Muhammad Iqbal Majoka & Muhammad Saeed Khan


Emotional intelligence skills are the driving force for university graduates to be developed holistically. Usually the aspects of psychomotor and effective domain, especially emotional intelligence seems to be less focused on the curriculum at this stage. This study was conducted to explore the effect of prevailing curricular activities on the development of emotional intelligence among university students. The objectives of the study were: i) to measure the emotional intelligence of students at university level; and ii) to compare EI of students having different time of exposure (i.e. Entrance, mid, and final semesters) to existing curricular activities in the universities. A sample of 1775 university students was selected using multistage stratified random sampling technique from six universities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (Pakistan). Self-Report Measure of Emotional Intelligence (SRMEI) based on Goleman’s Mixed Model of EI was used as a data collection tool. The results revealed that the students at entrance level were significantly higher in EI than the students in the final stage. These findings lead to suggest corrective measures in curricular activities at the university level.

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