Course Reduction Can Reduce Failure Rates of Students: Lessons from The Study of an E-Learning University of Pakistan

Muhammad Rizwan Saleem Sandhu, Nida Qamar & Shakira Nazir

Abstract

Low degree completion rate within the prescribed time due to exceedingly large failure rate of students has become a growing concern for Distance Learning Institutes. High failure rate in courses as much as 70% in freshman courses and 60% in advanced courses as the students proceed to final semesters—are costly to both; the institution and the students.Reducing syllabus in the at-stake courses can generate improved results in terms of students’ passing ratio. Following this hypothesis, current course-redesign intervention employed 30% reduction in the course content to evaluate its impact on students’ failure rate. Results were compared against a set of courses in the control group and also with pre-intervention results of students in the same courses. Independent sample t-test and chi-square test of homogeneity were used in the SPSS to determine the intervention impact. Results were significant against all the hypotheses hence allowing the researchers to conclude that course reduction intervention has significant bearing on reducing students’ failure rate.

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