Mediating Role of Class Participation between Social Media Usage and Self-Compassion of the Pre-Service Special Needs Teachers in Pakistan

Samina Malik, Sheeraz Hussnain & Muhammad Zaheer Asghar


The study aims to find out the importance of social media for the self-compassion of special needs education (SNE) students to improve their online class participation in particular with a focus on the Pakistani perspective of special educators. The quantitative approach was applied through the application of a random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire was used to collect data from pre-service special need education students (n=387) from two public and two private universities in Pakistan. Quantitative data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential data analysis techniques. The reliability (Cronbach’s alpha=.891) of the instrument was found satisfactory. The results revealed a substantial and significant positive correlation among all the three factors i.e. social media, online class participation, and self-compassion. Social media was found a significant predictor of self-compassion. Whereas, online class participation found a significant mediator between self-compassion and the use of social media. Future studies can be conducted to develop the social media model to facilitate the SNE students’ learning process.

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