Nasir Mahmood


In the past few decades, the learning paradigm shifted from traditional
instruction to technology-enhanced learning. Open and Distance
Education system acknowledged catering to the needs of those who are
not able to go to formal educational institutions. Advances in e-learning,
expansion of information & communication technology, globalization,
entry of Public & private sector universities are some of the factors
contributing to the growth of open and distance learning programs/
courses. In Pakistan, some universities began offering ODL programs. At
present there are two universities and 16 directorates of Distance
Education in formal universities offering ODL programs.

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