Muhammad Athar Hussain, Muhammad Shahid Farooq


There is strong advocacy to use computer technology to train teachers in open and distance learning. Efforts have been made to maximize the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in Open and Distance learning. Use of computer technology is an emerging trend and being used as a vital tool in open and distance learning institutions. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of computer technology skills by student teachers of B.Ed program studying at Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad. The study aimed at finding out computer skills used by student-teachers of B.Ed studying through open and distance learning mode and exploring barriers that student-teachers faced in the use of computer technology in open and distance learning institutions. The population of the study was all the student-teachers of B.Ed Program of Allama Iqbal Open University Rawalpindi Region. Sample of the study was 150 student-teachers of B.Ed Program selected through random sampling technique. A questionnaire was developed on the use of five computer skills and administered for data collection. Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the majority of student-teachers in ODL were not capable of using computer skills like Ms Word, Ms Power point, Ms excel and internet for their better professional growth. However, they differed in applying Ms Word, Ms Power point and Ms. Excel. Computer technology may be linked with professional development of student teachers in open and distance learning. This technology shift in ODL may enhance quality, autonomy and accessibility for distance education learners and promotes communication and interaction among them. 

Full Text:



Bates, A. W. (1997). The impact of technological change on open and distance learning, Distance Education, 18:1, 93-109

Becker, H. J., Ravitz, J. L., & Wong, Y. T. (1999). Teacher and teacher-directed student use of computers. Teaching, learning and computing national survey (Report no. 3). Irvine, California, USA: Center for

Research on Information Technology and Organizations at the University of California. Retrieved from computeruse/Higher Education Commission. (2006). HEC Activities 2006, Islamabad.

Haddad, Wadi D. (1998). "Education for All in the Age of Globalization-The Role of Information Technology." In Claudio de Moura Castro (ed.). Education in the Information Age.Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.

Jenson, J. & Brushwood, R. C. (2006). Finding Space for Technology: Pedagogical Observations on the Organization of Computers in School Environments. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 32(1).

Jung, I. (2005). ICT-Pedagogy Integration in Teacher Training: Application Cases Worldwide. Educational Technology & Society, 8 (2), 94-101.

Murphy, C., (2000) Effective Use of ICT by Student Teachers-Is It Improving? www., retrieved on December 18, 2008

Oak, Manali (2011). Importance of Computer Education, online retrieved on September 30, 2011 at 01:00pm importance-of-computer-education.html

Patrick Alan Danaher and Abdurehman Umar. (2010). Teacher Education through open and distance learning. Common wealth of Learning: Vancouver: Canada.

Perraton, H. (2010). Teacher Education: The Role of Open and Distance Learning. Commonwealth of Learning. British Columbia: Canada.

Pryor, B., & Bitter, G. (1996). Lessons learned for integrating technology into teacher education. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education,12 (2), 13-17.

Sawyer, Stanley C. & Hutchinson, Sarah e. (1990). Computers, 2nd edition, Library of Congress.

World Economic Forum (2009), World Economic Forum’s Global Information Technology Report 2009. Retrieved from pdf/gitr/ 2009/gitr09full report.pdf

UNESCO. (2002). Teacher Education Guidelines using Open and Distance learning. Paris: France

Wee, M.C., & Bakar, Z. A.(2006). Obstacles Towards the use of ICT tools in teaching and learning of information system in Malysia universities. The international Arab Journal of information Technology.3 (3) 203-209.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Pakistan Journal of Distance and Online Learning