Pakistan journal of Distance & Online Learning (PJDOL) is a peer-reviewed journal of the Allama Iqbal Open University. It is biannual journal both in printed and online versions. The journal publishes original papers, review papers, conceptual framework, case studies, empirical research and scholarly material in the fields of open, distance and flexible education. The journal aims to promote research and disseminating information about distance education. PJDOL explores topics about all teaching-learning relationships where the learners are geographically separated, and communication takes place through radio and television, internet, teleconferences and recordings, printed study guides, and multimedia systems such as audio and video broadcasts, teleconferences and internet. The journal covers all aspects of distance education, non-formal education, adult education, online learning, e-learning, distributed learning, asynchronous learning, and blended learning.